What is dhikr?

13Aug09

At IlmSummit, Sheikh Waleed Basyouni taught a class on the fiqh of adhkar. In sha Allah, I will start sharing my notes from that.

What is the meaning of dhikr linguistically and technically?
Dhikr originally comes from dha ka ra. The meaning is to remember something and to not forget. It is also used a lot to refer to something very honorable. You remember the honorable things, nobody remembers the silly stuff. So dhikrullah, there is nothing more valuable than it.

Technically, in the Quran and sunnah, it has 10+ meanings:
– equal to good deeds.
– what you say by your tongue – remembering Allah
– what is in your heart when you contemplate (about Allah)
– memory
– the reminder
– the honor
– the Quran
– the Torah
– the safe tablets
– the five prayers
– the one prayer
– tawhid
– the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam was named mudhakkir

Imam an-Nawawi (rahimahullah) said, “By analyzing the textual evidence, dhikr refers to what you say with your tongue and what you remember in your heart.” So technically, it is to remember Allah by thinking about him or mentioning his names and attributes.

Tomorrow’s post will be about the different types of dhikr, in sha Allah.



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