Coherence in the Quran
Continuing from my last post, this post shows how the surahs in the Quran possess a coherent structure.
Farahi offers the following arguments to prove that all Qur’anic surahs possess nazm or thematic-structural coherence. First, the division of the Qur’anic material into so many surahs indicates that each surah has a distinct theme, otherwise the whole of the Quran could have been made one surah. Second, the unequal length of the surahs implies that it is considerations of nazm that determined the length of any surah. Third, the word “surah” means “a wall enclosing city.” Within an enclosing wall there can be only one city. Within a surah, likewise, there can be only one set of integrally related themes. In the Quran, even surahs that have similar themes but lack this integral connection are not combined into one surah, a fact borne out, for example, by the last two surahs. Fourth, the Quran, claiming to be inimitable because it was from God, challenged the disbelievers to produce the like of at least one of its surahs, which suggests that by a “surah” it meant a thematically complete and structurally coherent discourse. Finally, the larger surahs of the Quran contain passages (e.g. 2:1-20) that have an obvious nazm, and reflection on such passages will enable one to discover nazm in those places in the Quran in which it may not be so obvious.
Coherence in the Quran by Mustansir Mir, p.37-38
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